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St Mary's C of E Primary School

Credenhill, Hereford

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Wednesday 8th July 2020

Spelling test today at 1:00 pm

What are latitude and longitude?

To help locate where a place is in the world, people use imaginary lines:

  • To find out how far north or south a place is, lines of latitude are used. These lines run parallel to the Equator.

  • To find out how far east or west a place is, lines of longitude are used. These lines run from the top of the Earth to the bottom.

Watch this video to help you understand longitude and latitude.

Map Skills: Geography, Latitude and Longitude

Learn about latitude, longitude, geography and other mapping skills in this video. It covers the definitions of latitude, longitu...


The Equator is at the centre of the lines of latitude and is at 0° latitude. Anything lying south of the Equator is in the Southern Hemisphere and is labelled °S. Anything lying north of the Equator is in the Northern Hemisphere and is labelled °N. The North Pole is 90° N and the South Pole is 90° S.

The line labelled 0° longitude is called the Prime Meridian or the Greenwich Meridian and runs through London. Anything lying east of the Greenwich Meridian is in the Eastern Hemisphere and is labelled °E. Anything lying west of the Greenwich Meridian is in the Western Hemisphere and is labelled °W.


Have a go at drawing and label the Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Circle, Antarctic Circle, Greenwich Meridian and Prime Meridian on the world map.Use the diagram to help you.

Maths - You may need to use the compass to help you find clue 3!

Art - Today's inspiration is jelly fish. Again, have a look at the pictures below.